India’s Formal Sector Payroll is much larger – Economic Survey 2018

Far as the government’s reform agenda is concerned, a series of measures have been enacted; which should increase the supply potential of the economy.

– Arun Jaitley

Prior to setting up the Union Budget, the Department of Economic Affairs works on an economic survey amidst the parliament, as a flagship for better administration. This primary focus is on formulating an annual document that helps review the progress in the Indian Economy for throughout the previous year. It helps gain efficient insights to the pace of development, intends on rooting for improvements and condenses performance.

“Notwithstanding the caveats regarding the specific numbers, the broad conclusion is likely to be robust: formal payrolls may be considerably greater than currently believed.”

Economic Survey 2018


Actually, India’s formal sector employment – significantly via the non-farm payroll management – is said to be substantially massive as per the Economic Survey of 2017-18.


This document, being the most-read document as even stated by Mr. Arun Jaitley; in the Indian Economy holds thick vitality each year. For the year of 2017-18; the key focus emphasizes on the debate about jobs in India. The survey – about exemplifying the formality of jobs via GST data – states that job alfresco the agricultural sector is comparatively more preeminent. This data, however, is prominently retrieved whilst the debate over the reality of our country’s job crisis has been blustering. This creates a conflict of opinions amongst economists onto the depth of this crunch.


This survey illustrated formal employment under two circumstances as the following-


1 ) As and when the firms are a prominent part of the tax net.

2 ) Some type of social security is provided to the employees by the employers.


On talking about statistics and data, Mahesh Vyaas (Managing Director and CEO of CMI – Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy) states “Well I understand from the economics survey today that its point is regarding how much of the employment is in the formal sector. Traditionally, it was so that the large part of employment in our country was in the informal sector and that was a matter of concern because if you are employed in the informal sector you don’t have the social cover, the wages are low, conditions of working are much worse than in the formal sector. Using EPFO data, the Economic Survey comes to a conclusion that the formal sector accounts for a much larger proportion than believed earlier. It is heartening to know; overtime we understand now using reliable EPFO information of statistics and data – that the level of formalization of our labor force is much higher than we believed of it earlier.”


When asked to give an opinion off-grid the statistical point of view for the probability of solutions to be found for the fact that there are more formal jobs effectively, he avers, “I think the problem of jobless growth remains the way it is. Maybe jobs are not growing in the formal and informal sector because surveys done by the government pointed towards very low growth in jobs or not growth in jobs. There has been a proven conclusion as to how jobs aren’t growing well enough. That problem remains the way it is, predicted such that CMI surveys have concluded that by the end of 2017; jobs are literally lost and there is a new understanding that jobs are a lot more formal than we believed earlier. The problem is not about formalization, it is bigger in terms of jobs not growing. Work released seems to imply that in 2017-18, estimated 7 million new jobs will be created.”


There have been significantly distinctive opinions about the issue stated above. It also highlights the qualified manpower in our country, much as age-band wise payroll. Mr. Soumyakanti Ghosh (Chief Economist, SBI) punctuates on the need for a confined form of payroll data; there should be a proper system to count the jobs. Our country is in no possession of a decent and an applicable data set to track job-creation efficiently. This leaves economists to the alternative of using estimate job analysis as mentioned above (using EPFO data on the accounts opened).


Much estimated as above and otherwise, we might draw a conclusion that the Payroll sector is much larger than expected. Following are various opportunities that are bound to help you adapt to the circumstances –


  1. There has been a prominent elevation in the GDP growth, such that the policy interest rates have increased. This helps regain scattered confidence for individuals across the country.


  1. GST has resulted in ease at work as it has directly been affecting supply chains, primarily to reduce the paperwork. This has also led to the efficient use of time.


Highlights of Economic Survey 2018;

  • The economic growth has fastened onto at 7-7.5% for the forthcoming financial year of 2019.
  • The CPI Inflation has drawn to an average of 3.3% during the months of April up to December, concluded to be the lowest amidst the past six years.
  • A commendable 50% increase under the category of indirect taxpayers in lieu to the GST.
  • The social security provisions yield an estimate of formal sector payroll as of a 31% of the non-agricultural workforce.


Henceforth, to comprehensively resolve the issue and get past the situation – stringent conceptual ideas should be put into action effective immediately as to ensure discipline within the process.

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